Volume 2, Number 4 (Autumn 2014)                   Iran J Health Sci 2014, 2(4): 27-35 | Back to browse issues page
Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (1765 Views)

Background and Purpose: Improper wastewater and solid waste management in rural areas could

be a risk to human health and environment pollution. One percent of Iran’s rural area is connected

to the wastewater collection network. Solid waste management in rural areas of Iran is mainly

consisted uncontrolled dumping and open burning. The aim of this study is prioritization of

wastewater and solid waste separate and combined management strategies in rural areas of Iran.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study. In this study, firstly were determined

appropriate and conventional methods for wastewater and solid waste separate and combined

management by using national and case studies. Then, using specified criteria and by applying a

weighting system, prioritization was conducted and implementation strategies presented for

wastewater and solid waste separate and combined management.

Results: The first priority for the collection and treatment, wastewater in rural areas are smalldiameter

gravity systems and preliminary treatment with complementary treatment by land,

respectively. In order to the rural solid waste management, organic compost complementary systems

were in first priority. In the wastewater and solid waste combined management, the first priority was

compost and biogas production by combining anaerobic UASB reactor and Chinese biogas.

Conclusion: Considering for influence of various factors in selecting an appropriate method is

very important in order to wastewater and solid waste separate and the combined management of

a rural. Therefore, the accordance of presenting strategy with local conditions and facilities

should be taken into consideration.

Full-Text [PDF 117 kb]   (869 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2014/12/8 | Accepted: 2014/12/8 | Published: 2014/12/8