Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer 2018)                   Iran J Health Sci 2018, 6(3): 36-44 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Dr. Sheikh Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. , rahmanpoure1991@gmail.com
Abstract:   (752 Views)
Background and purpose: In the area of water quality issues, much attention has been paid to water corrosivity and scaling potential since the water tendency to each of them can impose huge financial losses and many health problems.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 38 water samples were collected from 19 sampling sites including wells and aqueducts of Sarayan, Iran, in spring and autumn seasons of 2015, and analyzed for total dissolved solids, calcium hardness, total alkalinity, water temperature, pH, Langelier Saturation Index, Ryznar Stability Index, Aggressive Index, and Puckorius Index. The results were analyzed by Excel and water stability analyzer Software and were compared with standard limits.
Results: It was found that TDS, temperature, pH, alkalinity, and hardness of water were lower than the maximum allowed limits, but calcium hardness was also lower than the optimum value for drinking water. The average value of LSI, RSI, AI, and PI in spring was 0.437±0.264, 7.25±0.368, 12.33±0.273, and 7.37±0.432, while the average values of these indices in autumn were 0.501±0.229, 7.231±0.359, 12.55±0.225, and 7.33±0.503, respectively.
Conclusion: According to corrosion indices, drinking water of Sarayan County was relative scaling. Considering the negative effects of scale-forming water on pipe diameter, and flow rate and probable economic damages, control measures must be taken to prevent scaling in water resources.
Full-Text [PDF 529 kb]   (200 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health

1. Crittenden JC, Trussell RR, Hand DW, Howe KJ, Tchobanoglous G. MWH's water treatment: principles and design: John Wiley & Sons; 2012. [DOI:10.1002/9781118131473]
2. Kirmeyer GJ, Logsdon GS. Principles of internal corrosion and corrosion monitoring. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/J-83/355(NTIS PB87115655)
3. WHO. Guidelines for drinking-water quality: World Health Organization; 2004.
4. Casey T. Water stabilisation and corrosion control. 2009.
5. Jafari M, Fallah F, Hassani A. Investigating the Hygiene of Anzali drinking water resources for corrosion and precipitation potentials using corrosion indexes. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. 2011;20(79):90-6.
6. Mahvi A, Dindarlou K, Ali Jamali H, Alipour V. Corrosion and scaling in Bandar Abbas Pipe water network. Bimonthly Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. 2011;14(4):335-40.
7. Rezaei Kalantari R, Yari AR, Ahmadi E, Azari A, Tahmasbi Zade M, Gharagazlo F. Survey of corrosion and scaling potential in drinking water resources of the villages in Qom province by use of four stability indexes (With Quantitative and qualitative analysis). Archives of Hygiene Sciences. 2013;2(4):127-34.
8. Taghipour H, Shakerkhatibi M, Pourakbar M, Belvasi M. Corrosion and scaling potential in drinking water distribution system of Tabriz, northwestern Iran. Health promotion perspectives. 2012;2(1):103-111.
9. Torres-Lozada P, Bueno-Zabala K, Delgado-Cabrera L, Barba-Ho L, Cruz-Vélez C. Corrosion control using hydroxide and bicarbonate alkalising agents in water drinking processes. Drinking Water Engineering & Science Discussions. 2015;8(1): 53-76. [DOI:10.5194/dwesd-8-53-2015]
10. Pirialam, Shams KGA, Shah MM, Farzadkia M. Determination of corrosion and scaling potential in drinking water distribution system of Khorramabad city by corrosion indices and weight loss method. Yafteh. 2008; 10(3): 79-86.
11. Murray WB. A corrosion inhibitor process for domestic water. Journal (American Water Works Association). 1970:659-62. [DOI:10.1002/j.1551-8833.1970.tb03986.x]
12. Ghaneian M, Ehrampoush M, Ghanizadeh G, Amrollahi M. Survey of corrosion and precipitation potential in dual water distribution system in kharanagh district of yazd province. The Journal of Toloo-e-behdasht. 2008; 7(3):65-72.
13. Shams M, Mohamadi A, Sajadi SA. Evaluation of corrosion and scaling potential of water in rural water supply distribution networks of Tabas, Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal. 2012;17(11):1484-89.
14. Al-Rawajfeh AE, Al-Shamaileh EM. Assessment of tap water resources quality and its potential of scale formation and corrosivity in Tafila Province, South Jordan. Desalination. 2007;206(1-3):322-32. [DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2006.01.039]
15. Dehghani M, Tex F, Zamanian Z. Assessment of the potential of scale formation and corrosivity of tap water resources and the network distribution system in Shiraz, South Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2010;13(2):88-92. [DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2010.88.92]
16. Mokhtari S, Aalighadri M, Hazrati S, Sadeghi H, Gharari N, Ghorbani L. Evaluation of corrosion and precipitation potential in Ardebil drinking water distribution system by using Langelier & Ryznar indexes. Journal of health. 2010;1(1):14-23.
17. Federation WE, Association APH. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association (APHA): Washington, DC, USA. 2005.
18. Amouei A, Fallah H, Asgharnia H, Bour R, Mehdinia M. Evaluation of corrosion and scaling potential of drinking water resources in Noor city (Iran) by using stability indices. Koomesh. 2016; 18(3): 326-33.
19. EPA U. Edition of the drinking water standards and health advisories. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, epa. 2006.
20. Dehghani M, Tabatabaii S H: Survey of precipitation and corrosion in water resource and distribution system in shiraz city in 2007, 11 th National Environmental Health Conference, 2008 (Persian).
21. Amouei A, Asgharnia H, Fallah H, Miri S, Momeni H. Evaluating corrosion and scaling potential of drinking water supplies in Juybar, North of Iran. Iranian Journal of Health Sciences. 2017; 5(2): 11-18. [DOI:10.29252/jhs.5.2.11]
22. Yazdani V, Banejad H, Mirzaee M. Evaluation of groundwater resources of Hamadan Bahar plain in terms of scaling and corrosion. Water Engineering Journal. 2009; 2: 57-68. [ In Persian]
23. Motesaddi Zarandi S, Paseban A, Atamaleki A, Ahmadabadi M, Yanegh OA, Ghorbanpoor R, Torkanloo H. Corrosion and scaling potential of Bojnurd drinking water. Journal of North Khorasan University. 2014; 6(4): 913-924.
24. Ahmadpur A, Zazooli M, ghaneian M. The survey on potential of corrosion and sedimentation in drinking water distribution network of Manujan city and and its effective factor. Fourteenth National Conference on Environmental Health; Yazd 2012. [ In Persian]
25. Mudali, U.K. and B. Raj, Corrosion Science and Technology: Mechanism, Mitigation and Monitoring. 2008: Alpha Science International.
26. Dąbrowski, W., et al., Calcium carbonate equilibria in water supply systems. Environment Protection Engineering. 2010; 36(2): 75-94.
27. Liang, J., et al., Impact of elevated Ca(2+)/Mg(2+) concentrations of reverse osmosis membrane desalinated seawater on the stability of water pipe materials. Journal of Water Health. 2014; 12(1): 24-33. [DOI:10.2166/wh.2013.060]