Volume 7, Issue 2 (5-2019)                   Iran J Health Sci 2019, 7(2): 19-28 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Department of Geriatric Nursing, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , ZTaraghi@mazums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (380 Views)
Abstract
Background and Purpose: Changing the physical activity pattern is an important factor in reducing mortality and increasing longevity. The aim of the current study was to determine the effect of educational intervention on physical activity of elderly people.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 80 elderly people from two rural health centers in Ghaemshahr city were selected and assigned to intervention (n=40) and control (n=40) groups. The elderly in the intervention group received 4 training sessions of 30 to 45 minutes in a month, while the control group did not receive such training. Before and one month after the intervention, Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) questionnaire was completed by both groups. The collected data were analyzed using chi square, paired sample t-test, independent sample t-test and ANCOVA.
Results: The mean total score of RAPA, before intervention, in the control group was significantly higher than the intervention group (P = 0.017). However, after the intervention, the mean total score in the intervention group was significantly higher than the control group (P <0.001).  One month after the intervention, the mean of the RAPA score in the intervention group significantly changed from 2.1 to 4.95 (P <0.001), however, the mean change in the RAPA score in the control group (from 2.4 to 2.5) was not significant (P = 0.352).
Conclusion: Given the effect of educational intervention on the physical activity of the elderly, the design of such educational interventions is recommended.
 
Full-Text [PDF 499 kb]   (69 Downloads)    

References
1. Karimi Z, Majlesi F, Tol A, et al. The effect of educational intervention on the promotion of physical activity of the elderly men in Qom city. Iranian Journal of Agieng, 2015; 10 (3):183-191. [In Persian]
2. Ghahremani L, Niknami SH, Mosavi MT, et al. Trans-theoretical model based interventions to improve physical activity in elderly men. Journal of Armaghan Danesh, 2008; 13(1):77-88. [In Persian]
3. Aghamolaei T, Tavvafyian SS, Hassani L. Self efficacy, perceived benefits and perceived barriers to regular physical activity. Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences .Epidemiology, 2007; 4(3-4):9-15. [In Persian]
4. Edlin G, Golanty E. Health and wellness. Canada: Jones and Bartlett publisher. 2007
5. World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health.[cited 2010 Mar 11] Available at : http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet-/recommendations/en
6. Ishaghi R, Mahmoudian SA, Asgarian R, et al. Effect of faith based education on physical activity on the elderly. Iranian Journal of Education in Medical Sciences, 2010;10(5):1281-1288. [In Persian]
7. Ishaghi R, Shahsanai A, Ardakani M. Assessment of the physical activity of elderly population of Isfahan, Iran. Isfahan Medical School, 2011; 29(147):939-46. [In Persian]
8. Mazloomi S, Mohammadi M, Morovati MA. Exercise and its relation to self-efficacy based on stages of change model in employees of Yazd. Journal of Kerman University Medical Sciences, 2010; 17 (4):346-354. [In Persian]
9. Chudyk AM, Mckay HA, Winters M, et al. Neighborhood walk ability, physical activity and walking for transportation: a cross sectional study of older adults living on low income. BMC Geriatric. 2017; 17(82):1- [DOI:10.1186/s12877-017-0469-5] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Arnadottir SA, Gunnarsdottir ED, Lundin-Olsson L. Are rural older Icelanders less physically active than those living in urban areas? A population-based study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2009; 37(4):409-417. [DOI:10.1177/1403494809102776] [PMID]
11. Shores KA, West ST, Theriault DS, Davison EA. Extra-individual correlates of physical activity attainment in rural older adults. The Journal of Rural Health. 2009;25 (2): 211-218. [DOI:10.1111/j.1748-0361.2009.00220.x] [PMID]
12. Dondur S. Physical activity of elderly urban and rural women. Facta Universitatis. Series: physical education and sport. 2016; 14(2): 279-288.
13. Khavoshi N, Tol A, Shojaeizade D, et al. Effect of educational intervention on the life style of elderly people referred to clinical centers of Eslamshahr, Iranian Journal of Nursing Education, 2015; 3(4):19-28. [In Persian]
14. Amiirzadeh Iranagh J., Motallebi SA. The effect of health belief model education intervention on physical activity of elderly women. Journal of Urmia Nursing Midwifery Faculty. 2016; 13(12):1050-1058. [In Persian]
15. Palmer WE. Changes in physical activity in community older adults associated with the matter of balance volunteer lay leader model program. Dissertation of Allied Health Sciences. University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill. 2013
16. Baker PR, Francis DP, Soares J, Weightman AL, Foster C. Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity. Cochrane Database Systematic Review. 2011;13(4):CD008366. [DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD008366.pub2]
17. Borschmann K, Moore K, Russell M, Ledgerwood K, Renehan E, Lin X, et al. Overcoming barriers to physical activity among culturaly and linguistically diverse older adults: A randomised controlled trials. Australas Journal of Aging. 2010; 29(2):77-80. [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-6612.2009.00390.x] [PMID]
18. Gahremani L, Nazari M, Mosavi M. Improvement of QOL in elderly men in Kahrizak Nursing Home based on educational intervention. Danesh VA Tandorosti. Shahrood University of Medical Sciences, 2008; 4 (2):18-23.
19. Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA). University of Washington Health Promotion Research Center. 2006.
20. Topoloski TD, LoGerfo J, Patric DL, et al. The rapid assessment of physical activity (RAPA) among older adults. Prevention Chronic Disease, 2006; 3(4):1-8.
21. Akbari Kamrani AA., Foroughan M., Yazdani J., et al. Prediction model for self care behaviors among Iranian elders with chronic heart failure. Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health. 2018; 5(3): e69601. [DOI:10.5812/mejrh.69601]
22. Exercise and physical activity: Your every day guide: National Institute on Aging. Publication 2016. No: 17-AG-4258.
23. Mayer CJ, Steinman L, Williams B, Topolski TD, LoGerfo J. Developing a telephone assessment of physical activity questionnaire for older adults. Preventing Chronic Disease.2008; 5(1): A24. [DOI:10.1037/t01539-000]
24. Khajavi D, Khan Mohammadi R. Prediction of geriatric depression symptoms based on physical activity and demographic characteristics: The role of age and gender. Roshd VA Yadgiri Harkati -Varzeshi, 2015; 7(1): 87-103. [In Persian]
25. Shams F, Hasani Mehraban A, Taghizadeh GH. The effect of multisensory training of balance on postural control of older adults. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2011; 6 (21):7-12. [In Persian]
26. Sadeghi H, Alirezaie F. The effect of water based exercise on static and dynamic balance of elderly women. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2007; 2(6):402-409. [In Persian]
27. Lesinski M, Hortobagyi T, Muehlbauer T, Gollhofer A. Effects of balance training on balance perfomance in healthy older adults: A systematic review and Meta-analysis.Sports Medicine. 2015; 45:1721-1738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0375-y [DOI:10.1007/s40279-014-0284-5] [PMID] [PMCID]