Volume 1, Issue 3 (Autumn 2013)                   Iran J Health Sci 2013, 1(3): 18-27 | Back to browse issues page

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Naghdi S, Azami S R, Naghdi A, Faghi Solouk F, Ghiasvand H. The Inequity of Expenditure Ratios on Health and Food among Different Deciles of Iranian Households. Iran J Health Sci. 2013; 1 (3) :18-27
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-118-en.html
Hospital Management Research Center, Hospital Management Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, , hesambs82@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4632 Views)

Background and purpose: Utilization of health care services and food influence the health status. The food and health care expenditure ratios determine the importance level of them in household's consumption expenditures. We aimed to investigate the Iranian rural and urban food and health expenditure ratios inequality during 1998 to 2012. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive longitudinal study, which conducted based on Iranian Statistics Centre and Central Bank annual surveys. Firstly we calculated the households food and health expenditure ratios. Then we calculated the Gini coefficients and Atkinson index by using STATA version 12. Results: The mean of rural households food and health expenditure ratios were 0.53 and 0.37 respectively. Also these were 0.53 and 0.22 for urban households. All above inequality levels are based on Gini coefficients. Conclusion: There is a high level of inequality between Iranian rural and urban income deciles for health expenditure ratio, but the food expenditure ratio inequality were less and lower.

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