Volume 3, Number 4 (Autumn 2015)                   Iran J Health Sci 2015, 3(4): 1-7 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.7508/ijhs.2015.04.001

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Assareh M, Tabrizi R, Firouzkouhi-Moghaddam M, Rakhshani T. Epidemiological Survey on the Status of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder among School-age Childrenin Iran. Iran J Health Sci. 2015; 3 (4) :1-7
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-333-en.html

epartment of Public Health, School of Health AND Research Center for Health Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical sciences
Abstract:   (913 Views)

Background and purpose: The age of the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and its
manifestation is now identified at childhood. In the present study, we aimed to
epidemiologically assess OCD and its main determinants in school-age children.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 600 consecutive schoolage
children (7-12 years old) in primary schools at Kermanshah, Iran in May 2012. OCD status
was assessed using the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory.
Results: In this study, the prevalence of OCD in children were 12.2% (73 person). Among
OCDs, 32.0% were male and 68.0% were female with a significant difference (P < 0.001).
Among different subscales of OCD, checking was more prevalent in girls than in boys (74.0%
vs. 65.0%, P < 0.001), whereas doubting was more revealed in boys than in girls (56.0% vs.
34.0%, P < 0.001). In this regard, no differences were found between boys and girls in the rate
of washing subscale (43.0% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.456) and slowness domain (30.0% vs. 34.0%,
P = 0.294). Totally, mean MOCI score was significantly a higher in girls than in boys in
different grades of education. OCD was influenced by father’s occupation status, parents’
education level, order of birth, dependence to mothers and previous history of OCD in fathers.
Conclusion: The prevalence of OCD was a higher than other areas in the country and other
populations. Because of the existence of OCD potential determinants including socioeconomic
level and familial tendency, the high prevalence of the disease must be considered in correlation
with these factors.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2015/11/15 | Accepted: 2015/11/15 | Published: 2015/11/15

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