Volume 5, Issue 2 (Spring 2017)                   Iran J Health Sci 2017, 5(2): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zolfaghari M, Bahramnezhad F, Alvandfar P, Emami Z. Podcast vs. Pamphlet; Which One Is More Effective in Self-care Training Program of Diabetic Patients?. Iran J Health Sci. 2017; 5 (2) :1-10
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-484-en.html
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1904 Views)

Background and Purpose: Self-care can help patients with diabetes to reduce complications of the disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of diabetes self-care educational programs through tow podcast and pamphlet methods.

Material and Methods: The present study was quasi-experimental research conducted in Tehran Aboozar Diabetes Center (2014).  90 patients with type II diabetes were selected and randomly divided into two groups of podcast training group (n = 45) and pamphlet group (n = 45). In both groups, the data were collected using the researcher-made questionnaire. In the podcast group, five audio training files were transferred via Bluetooth to the patients’ mobiles, and the pamphlet group was given an educational pamphlet with a quite similar content. After 12 weeks, the two groups were assessed by the same questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS Software, version 16, through statistical t-test at a significance level of P ≤ 0.05.

Results: The mean of adherence to exercise programs, drug treatment, and diabetic diet were 15.53, 23.92, and 48.20, respectively, for Podcast Group, while these values were 14.48, 24.04, and 46.54 for Pamphlet Group, respectively. After the intervention, the mean of adherence to exercise programs, drug treatment, and diabetic diet increased as follows: Podcast group (20.00, 23.95 and 57.12); Pamphlet group (21.26, 25.40 and 55.59).

Conclusion: The use of podcast such as pamphlet is recommended to increase the adherence rate of self-care behaviors of diabetic patients. Due to the great satisfaction of patients with podcast, the method is suggested as an effective, simple, and attractive method to control diabetes and compliance with care practices.

Full-Text [PDF 430 kb]   (671 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Nursing

1. Chan WM, Woo J, Hui E, Lau WW, Lai JC, Lee D. A community model for care of elderly people with diabetes via telemedicine. Applied Nursing Research 2005;18:77-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2004.11.002] [PMID]
2. Keenan HA, Costacou T, Sun JK, Doria A, Cavellerano J, Coney J, et al. Clinical factors associated with resistance to microvascular complications in diabetic patients of extreme disease duration the 50-year medalist study. Diabetes Care 2007;30:1995-7. [DOI:10.2337/dc06-2222] [PMID]
3. Liu X, Li C, Gong H, Cui Z, Fan L, Yu W, et al. An economic evaluation for prevention of diabetes mellitus in a developing country: a modelling study. BMC public health 2013;13:729. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-729] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Alberti K, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ, Cleeman JI, Donato KA, et al. Harmonizing the Metabolic Syndrome A Joint Interim Statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation 2009;120:1640-5. [DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192644] [PMID]
5. Larijani B, Mortazhajry S, Pourebrahim R, Noori M, Heshmat R, Shooshtarizadeh P. Assessment of type II diabetes & FBS in inhabit of population between 25-64 in researcher group in Tehran medical university. Research in medicine journal 2003;24:27-38(Persian).
6. Association AD. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes care 2008;31:S55-60. [DOI:10.2337/dc08-S055] [PMID]
7. Maruthur NM. The growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes: increased incidence or improved survival? Current diabetes reports 2013;13:786-94. [DOI:10.1007/s11892-013-0426-4] [PMID]
8. Gucciardi E, Fortugno M, Horodezny S, Lou W, Sidani S, Espin S, et al. Will Mobile Diabetes Education Teams (MDETs) in primary care improve patient care processes and health outcomes? Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2012;13:165. [DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-13-165] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Haas L, Maryniuk M, Beck J, Cox CE, Duker P, Edwards L, et al. National standards for diabetes self-management education and support. Diabetes care 2013;36:S100-8. [DOI:10.2337/dc13-S100] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Klonoff DC. Diabetes and Telemedicine Is the technology sound, effective, cost-effective, and practical? Diabetes Care 2003;26:1626-8. [DOI:10.2337/diacare.26.5.1626] [PMID]
11. Free C, Phillips G, Galli L, Watson L, Felix L, Edwards P, et al. The effectiveness of mobile-health technology-based health behaviour change or disease management interventions for health care consumers: a systematic review. PLoS medicine 2013;10: 362-6. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001362] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Cochrane TD. Exploring mobile learning success factors. Research in Learning Technology 2010;18: 45-49. [DOI:10.1080/09687769.2010.494718]
13. Martin S, Diaz G, Sancristobal E, Gil R, Castro M, Peire J. New technology trends in education: Seven years of forecasts and convergence. Computers & Education 2011;57:1893-906. [DOI:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.04.003]
14. Sedigi J, Vahdaninia M, Khodabandeh A, Jaroondi F. Effect of Pamphlet on improving knowledge. Payesh 2004;4:29-38(Persian).
15. Karimi A, Mozafari F, Kamaledini H, Jokar S. The effectiveness of therapeutic exercises and general care by educational pamphlet on reduction of neck pain. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences 2004;6:1-10(Persian).
16. Amirnejad H, Khalilian S, Assareh MH, Ahmadian M. Estimating the existence value of north forests of Iran by using a contingent valuation method. Ecological Economics 2006;58:665-75. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.08.015]
17. Sadeghi R. Effect of two type of education: verbal and pamphlet on pre-operation anxiety. Article of Ghazvin University of Medical Sciences 2011;1:24-8(Persian).
18. Astley CM, Chew DP, Aylward PE, Molloy DA, De Pasquale CG. A randomised study of three different informational AIDS prior to coronary angiography, measuring patient recall, satisfaction and anxiety. Heart, Lung and Circulation 2008;17:25-32. P [DOI:10.1016/j.hlc.2007.04.008] [PMID]
19. Kim HS, Oh JA. Adherence to diabetes control recommendations: impact of nurse telephone calls. Journal of advanced nursing 2003;44:256-61. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02800.x]
20. Azar M, Gabbay R. Web-based management of diabetes through glucose uploads: has the time come for telemedicine? Diabetes research and clinical practice 2009;83:9-17. [DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2008.09.055] [PMID]
21. Ralston JD, Hirsch IB, Hoath J, Mullen M, Cheadle A, Goldberg HI. Web-based collaborative care for type 2 diabetes a pilot randomized trial. Diabetes care 2009;32:234-9. [DOI:10.2337/dc08-1220] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Wang H, Song Z, Ba Y, Zhu L, Wen Y. Nutritional and eating education improves knowledge and practice of patients with type 2 diabetes concerning dietary intake and blood glucose control in an outlying city of China. Public health nutrition 2014;17:2351-8. [DOI:10.1017/S1368980013002735] [PMID]
23. Gerber BS, Brodsky IG, Lawless KA, Smolin LI, Arozullah AM, Smith EV, et al. Implementation and evaluation of a low-literacy diabetes education computer multimedia application. Diabetes care2005;28: 1574-80. P [DOI:10.2337/diacare.28.7.1574] [PMID]
24. Shea S, Weinstock RS, Starren J, Teresi J, Palmas W, Field L, et al. A randomized trial comparing telemedicine case management with usual care in older, ethnically diverse, medically underserved patients with diabetes mellitus. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2006;13:40-51. [DOI:10.1197/jamia.M1917] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Kim H-S, Kim N-C, Ahn S-H. Impact of a nurse short message service intervention for patients with diabetes. Journal of nursing care quality 2006;21: 266-71. [DOI:10.1097/00001786-200607000-00012]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Health Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb