Volume 5, Issue 2 (Spring 2017)                   Iran J Health Sci 2017, 5(2): 25-31 | Back to browse issues page

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Seraji M, Rakhshani F. On the Consideration of Self-Care Behaviors in Patients Affected by Congestive Heart Failure and Factors Related to it . Iran J Health Sci. 2017; 5 (2) :25-31
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-485-en.html
Faculty of health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , serajimaryam@gmail.com.
Abstract:   (1911 Views)

Background and objectives: The current study aimed at considering the performance, attitude and awareness level of patients affected by congestive heart failure who were hospitalized in Zahedan hospitals with regard to the self-care behaviors and factors related to it.

Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 140 patients with congestive heart failure who were hospitalized in various hospitals during 2015. The required data was collected through interview and a designed questionnaire. In order to analyze the data, SPSS Software, version 15, was used through chi-square test, t-test, and ANOVA test.

Findings: There was a direct correlation between patients’ awareness level and attitude (p˂ 0.001 and r=0.459), and behavior (p˂ 0.001 and r=0.345). In addition, a direct correlation was observed between patients’ attitude and their behavior (p= 0.003 and r=0.452). However, there was a reverse correlation between patients’ age and their awareness level (p= 0.003 and r= -0.253), and their attitude (p˂ 0.03 and r= -0.181). By performing an ANOVA test, it was revealed that there was a statistically significant relationship between educational level and awareness (p= 0.001), and patients’ attitude (p= 0.006). The average number of hospitalization was 3.31%, the most important reasons for hospitalization was shortness of breath (dyspnea) (74%), and the most prevalent background diseases was hypertension (74.3%).

Conclusion: It is necessary to pay enough attention to patients’ needs in this regard, and provide suitable educational programs which improve the patients’ awareness level and positive attitude; finally, these programs can promote self-care behaviors in patients.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health

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