Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2018)                   Iran J Health Sci 2018, 6(4): 40-46 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Etemadinezhad S, ranjbar F, Yazdani Charati J. Investigation into the Musculoskeletal Disorders Prevalence and Postural Assessment among Barbers in Sari-2016. Iran J Health Sci. 2018; 6 (4) :40-46
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-593-en.html
Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , fatemranjbar6864@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (664 Views)
Background and purpose: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders usually entangle back spines, neck and upper limbs. Working as a barber paves the ground for probable high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders. This study was designed to evaluate the working postures of sari male barbers by Rapid Entire Body Assessment method and determining the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders using NORDIC questionnaire.
Methods: In the present research, 108 Sari barbers working conditions were evaluated using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) tool, and the data on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was collected using Nordic questionnaire. Microsoft Excel and SPSS were then applied to analyze the data. Quantitative variables were analyzed using the descriptive statistical methods including mean and standard deviation. Chi-square test and ordinal regression have also been applied to analyze the relationship between different variables and musculoskeletal disorders' prevalence.
Results: The mean age the participants was 33.11±8.2 and the mean of work experience was 12±3.7 years. According to the results of the Nordic questionnaire, during 12 past months, 78% of the studied subjects have discovered pain and discomfort at least in one of their 9 body regions. Complaints of musculoskeletal pains in the wrist were also most prevalent (72.1%), followed by the neck (49%) and elbow pains (46.2%). Through REBA Method, the highest frequency of corrective measures was at level 2 (73.9%).
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that the evaluated subjects working postures required correction. Also, it was found essential to train barbers in what way to identify the biomechanical and ergonomic risk factors and correct working postures.
 
Full-Text [PDF 373 kb]   (314 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health

References
1. Bathaei A, Khalili K. Diseases due to computer work, work and environment center. Ministry of health. 2005:29-36.
2. Smith DR, Sato M, Miyajima T, Mizutani T, Yamagata Z. Musculoskeletal disorders self-reported by female nursing students in central Japan: a complete cross-sectional survey. International journal of nursing studies. 2003 Sep 1;40(7):725-9. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00012-9]
3. World Health Organization. Identification and Control of work-related disease Report of a WHO Export committee.1985;714:1-71
4. Aghilinejad M, Farshad AA, Mostafaei M, Ghafari M, Occupational Medicine Practice, Arjmand Press 2007 [In Persian].
5. Levy B S, Wegman DH. Occupational health and recognizing and preventing work-related diseases and injury. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Fourth Edition Chapter 26, 2000.
6. Mattila M, Vilkki M. OWAS method. In: Marras WS, Karwowski W, editors. The occupational ergonomics handbook. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor and Francis; 2006. 447-59.
7. Kee D, LUBA: An Assessment Technique for Postural Loading on the Upper Body Based on Joint Motion Discomfort and Maximum Holding Time: Applied Ergonomics; 2001; 32(4):357-66.
8. Malone RE. Ergonomics, policy, and the ED nurse. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2000; 26(5):514-5. [DOI:10.1067/men.2000.109870] [PMID]
9. Caren M. Ergonomics – A BUZZ word. The Preventive Angle 2002; 1(1): 1-5
10. Hamberg-van Reenen HH, Ariëns GA, Blatter BM, van Mechelen W, Bongers PM. A systematic review of the relation between physical capacity and future low back and neck/shoulder pain. Pain. 2007; 130(1-2):93-107. [DOI:10.1016/j.pain.2006.11.004] [PMID]
11. Best M, French Gm, Ciantar J. Work–related musculoskeletal disorders in hairdressers. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety .2002; 1(18): 66-7.
12. SoltanyAR, AzojhS, OghlidiJ, SyadlyS. Causes of work-related neck and back disorders in barber and hairdressers. Salamatekare Iran, 1999; 3(4):45-53.
13. Kang M, Lee T, Kang S, Park H, URM S. Prevalence on dermatologic respiratory and musculoskeletal symptoms among hairdressers. Korean Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.1999; 11(3): 385-392.
14. Veiersted B, Gould S, Qsteas N ,Hassan GÅ. Effect of an intervention addressing working techniqueon the biomechanical load of the neck and shoulders among hairdressers. Applied ergonomics. 2008; 39(2):183-190. [DOI:10.1016/j.apergo.2007.05.007] [PMID]
15. Kurinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinter berg H, Biering-sorensen F, Anderon G and Jorgensen. Standardized Nordic Questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Applied Ergonomics 1987; 18(3), 233-237. [DOI:10.1016/0003-6870(87)90010-X]
16. Hokmabadi R, Esmailzade M. Ergonomic evaluation of the status of work in a barber rapid assessment body .Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences,2012;3(4):49-54. [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.3.4.49]
17. Mazloomi A, Forozesh A. Ergonomic evaluation of working conditions and factors affecting musculoskeletal disorders Barber of Sardasht. Journal of health and safety work.2012; 2(2):45-50.
18. Miri M, Hosseini M, Sharifzade GhR, evaluation of ergonomic postures of hairdressers by reba in birjand. Ofogh-e-Danesh. 2008; 14(2):39-44.
19. Ebrahimian H, Hokmabadi R, Shoja E. Evaluation of ergonomic postures of dental professions by rapid entire body assessment (REBA) in North Khorasan, Iran. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences.2014; 5(5):961-967. [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.5.5.S5.961]
20. Nasl Saraji J, Hosseini MH, Shahtaheri SJ, Golbabaei F, Ghasemkhani M. Evaluation of ergonomic postures of dental professions by Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), in Birjand, Iran. Journal of Dental Medicine. 2005 Mar 15;18(1):61-67.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Health Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb