Volume 9, Issue 3 (Summer 2021)                   Iran J Health Sci 2021, 9(3): 49-60 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Chaleshgar-kordasiabi M, Chapary S, Eshkevarkiayi Z, Rafinezhad-Naghibi M, Abbasi- Shavazi M. Oral Health Literacy and Oral Health Behavior among Adolescents in Babol 2019. Iran J Health Sci 2021; 9 (3) :49-60
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-777-en.html
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute Mazandaran University of medical Sciences, Sari, Iran , m.chaleshgar@mazums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (658 Views)
Background: The process of obtaining oral health information, evaluating its concepts and using appropriate prevention and treatment processes in the field of Oral health literacy (OHL) is within the scope of health literacy and is the link between culture and society, health system, education system, and oral health consequences. The purpose of the current study was to investigate OHL in first-grade high school students in Babol.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study on 383 high school students in Babol 2019 using the multi-stage cluster sampling method in the first stage of school selection and in the second stage of class selection. The data were collected using demographic, oral health behaviors assessment, and Oral Health Literacy Questionnaire. OHL questionnaire has 17 questions in four sections of reading comprehension, numeracy, listening, and decision making.  Regression analysis, ANOVA, T-test, and chi-square test were used for data analysis (SPSS 23).
 Findings: The mean score of students' OHL was 8.33 ± 2.004, and 11.7%, 26.1%, and 61.9% of the students were with adequate, borderline, and inadequate levels of OHL, respectively. According to the analysis, OHL had a significant relationship with income, father’s education, tooth brushing, and use of beverage foods.
Conclusion: The results showed that OHL was insufficient among students, and more efforts and interventions were required to improve oral health and increase oral health literacy among student
Full-Text [PDF 542 kb]   (296 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health Education

1. Horowitz AM, Kleinman DV. Oral health literacy: a pathway to reducing oral health disparities in Maryland. Journal of public health dentistry. 2012;72 Suppl 1:S26-30. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2012.00316.x] [PMID]
2. Batista MJ, Lawrence HP, Sousa M. Oral health literacy and oral health outcomes in an adult population in Brazil. BMC Public Health. 2017;18(1):60. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4443-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Batista MJ, Lawrence HP, Sousa MdLRd. Correction to: Oral health literacy and oral health outcomes in an adult population in Brazil. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):821. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4827-1] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Baskaradoss JK. The association between oral health literacy and missed dental appointments. Journal of the American Dental Association. 2016;147(11):867-74. [DOI:10.1016/j.adaj.2016.05.011] [PMID]
5. Wigen TI, Skaret E, Wang NJ. Dental avoidance behaviour in parent and child as risk indicators for caries in 5-year-old children. International journal of paediatric dentistry. 2009;19(6):431-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-263X.2009.01014.x] [PMID]
6. Wehmeyer MM, Corwin CL, Guthmiller JM, Lee JY. The impact of oral health literacy on periodontal health status. Journal of public health dentistry. 2014;74(1):80-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2012.00375.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Lee JY, Divaris K, Baker AD, Rozier RG, Lee SY, Vann WF, Jr. Oral health literacy levels among a low-income WIC population. Journal of public health dentistry. 2011;71(2):152-60. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2011.00244.x] [PMID]
8. Mirzapour Ermaki R, Mirzaie M, Naghibi Sistani MM. Oral health literacy and health behavior of primary school teachers in Babol. Journal of Health Literacy. 2019;3(4):66-74.
9. Burgette JM, Lee JY, Baker AD, Vann WF, Jr. Is Dental Utilization Associated with Oral Health Literacy? Journal of dental research. 2016;95(2):160-6. [DOI:10.1177/0022034515617457] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Hom JM, Lee JY, Divaris K, Baker AD, Vann WF, Jr. Oral health literacy and knowledge among patients who are pregnant for the first time. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939). 2012;143(9):972-80. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2012.0322] [PMID]
11. Macek MD, Atchison KA, Chen H, Wells W, Haynes D, Parker RM, et al. Oral health conceptual knowledge and its relationships with oral health outcomes: Findings from a Multi-site Health Literacy Study. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. 2017;45(4):323-9. [DOI:10.1111/cdoe.12294] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Dutra LdC, de Lima LCM, Neves ÉTB, Gomes MC, de Araújo LJS, Forte FDS, et al. Adolescents with worse levels of oral health literacy have more cavitated carious lesions. PLoS One. 2019;14(11):e0225176-e. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0225176] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Macek MD, Haynes D, Wells W, Bauer-Leffler S, Cotten PA, Parker RM. Measuring conceptual health knowledge in the context of oral health literacy: preliminary results. Journal of public health dentistry. 2010;70(3):197-204. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2010.00165.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Taher M, Rahgozar M, bakhshi E, Ghorbani Z, Seraj R. Application of the Poisson Regression Model with Zero Accumulation in the Analysis of Dental Data in 12- and 13-year-old adolescents. Journal of Health Promotion Management. 2018;7(1):52-9.
15. Salah N. Comparison of oral health in children aged 5-6 years in the Czech Republic and Yemen. Central European journal of public health. 2018;26(4):305-9. [DOI:10.21101/cejph.a4893] [PMID]
16. Baliga SM. Child oral health-care literacy in India: Can access to services be improved? Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2019;37(1):1-2. https://doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_18_19 https://doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_122_20 [DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.199234]
17. Gomes MC, Perazzo MF, Neves ÉT, Martins CC, Paiva SM, Granville-Garcia AF. Oral Problems and Self-Confidence in Preschool Children. Brazil Dental Journal. 2017;28(4):523-30. [DOI:10.1590/0103-6440201601295] [PMID]
18. Cianetti S, Lombardo G, Lupatelli E, Rossi G, Abraha I, Pagano S, et al. Dental caries, parents educational level, family income and dental service attendance among children in Italy. European Journal Paediatric Dental. 2017;18(1):15-8.
19. Baskaradoss JK. Relationship between oral health literacy and oral health status. BMC Oral Health. 2018;18(1):172-8. [DOI:10.1186/s12903-018-0640-1] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Ueno M, Takeuchi S, Oshiro A, Kawaguchi Y. Relationship between oral health literacy and oral health behaviors and clinical status in Japanese adults. Journal of Dental Sciences. 2013;8(2):170-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.jds.2012.09.012]
21. Moallemi Z, Haghighi M. Assessing oral health literacy among the residents of Isfahan in 2014- 2015. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2016;12(3):268-79.
22. Naghibi Sistani MM, Yazdani R, Virtanen J, Pakdaman A, Murtomaa H. Determinants of oral health: does oral health literacy matter? International Scholarly Research Notices dentistry. 2013;2013:249-55. [DOI:10.1155/2013/249591] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Yazdani R, Mohebbi S, Chehree S. Oral Health Literacy and Oral Health Behavior of Senior Medical and Pharmacy Students. Journal of Islamic Dental Association of Iran. 2017;29(4):141-8. [DOI:10.30699/jidai.29.4.141]
24. Basir L, Araban M, Khanehmasjedi M, Khanehmasjedi S. The effect of oral health literacy of adolescents on their oral health status: A cross-sectional study from Southwestern Iran. Journal of Oral Health and Oral Epidemiology. 2020;9(4):173-9.
25. Talekar BS, Rozier RG, Slade GD, Ennett ST. Parental perceptions of their preschool-aged children's oral health. Journal of the American Dental Association. 2005;136(3):364-72. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2005.0179] [PMID]
26. Basir L, Karimy M, Khoshroo S, Behbudi A, Azizi Malmiri R, Araban M. Association between Oral Health Literacy of Mothers with Child who has Epilepsy and the Children's Oral Health. Health Education and Health Promotion. 2020;8(4):217-22.
27. Calvasina P, Lawrence HP, Hoffman-Goetz L, Norman CD. Brazilian immigrants' oral health literacy and participation in oral health care in Canada. BMC oral health. 2016;16:18. [DOI:10.1186/s12903-016-0176-1] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Lopes R, Barbosa Neves É, Dutra L, Cesarino Gomes M, Paiva S, Abreu M, et al. Socioeconomic status and family functioning influence oral health literacy among adolescents. Revista de Saúde Pública. 2019;54:30. [DOI:10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001842] [PMID] [PMCID]
29. Golkari A, Moeini A, Jabbarifar Se. relationship of socioeconomic status with quality of life related to oral and dental health of 2-5 years old in shiraz. journal of isfahan dental school. 2014;9(6):534-41.
30. Goodarzi A, Tavafian SS, Heidarnia a, Ziaoddin H. health literacy and oral health in primary school of district 14 in tehran IRAN. Military caring sciences. 2016;2(4 (6)):80-3. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.mcs.2.4.229]
31. Sofia S, Afaq F, Zainab W, Farooq M, Izhar K, Samir Khan K. the knowledge, attitude and practice about oral hygine school children of rural areas: a cross sectional study. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal. 2020;39(4):369-72.
32. Montazeri A, Tavousi M, Rakhshani F, Azin SA, Jahangiri K, Ebadi M, et al. Health Literacy for Iranian Adults: development and psychometric properties. Payesh (Health Monitor). 2014;13(5):589-99.
33. Javadzade H SG, Reisi M, Tavassoli E, Rajati F. Health Literacy among Adults of Isfahan I, Journal of Health System Research. 2013;9(5):540-9.
34. Amirchaghmaghi M, Movahhed T, Mosannen Mozaffari P, Torkaman F, Ghazi A. Health Literacy and Its Determinants in Adult Patients Referred to Dental Clinics: A Cross Sectional Study in Mashhad, Iran. Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 2019;20(9):e86582. [DOI:10.5812/semj.86582]
35. Sheikhi S, Shekarchizadeh H, Saied-Moallemi Z. The relationship between mothers' oral health literacy and their children's oral health status. Journal of Dental Medicine. 2018;31(3):175-84.
36. Haerian Ardakani A, Morowatisharifabad M, Rezapour Y, Pourghayumi Ardakani A. Investigation of the Relationship of Oral Health lteracy and Oral hygiene Self-Efficacy with Self-Reported Oral and Dental Health in Students.Tolooebehdasht. 2015;13(5):125-40.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Health Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb