Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2022)                   Iran J Health Sci 2022, 10(1): 10-20 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moeini B, Rezapur-Shahkolai F, Tapak L, Seifi F, Vesali-Monfared E. The Relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Stress Coping Methods to Deal with Job Stress among Nurses in Educational Hospitals in Ardabil City 2021. Iran J Health Sci. 2022; 10 (1) :10-20
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-784-en.html
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , faridehseifi71@gmail.com
Abstract:   (459 Views)
Background and purpose: Job stress is one of the factors in the development of psychophysical symptoms in nurses. It lowers performance in organizations. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between spiritual well-being and stress coping methods to deal with job stress in nurses working in hospitals.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out as a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study. Totally, 285 nurses were randomly selected from Ardabil educational hospitals from ICU, CCU, EMS and infectious diseases wards. Data gathering tools were Standard questionnaire Paloutzian and Ellison Spiritual Well-being Scale, nursing job stress scale, and Billing and Moos Coping Strategies Scale. Statistical analysis used in the present study included descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test and analysis of variance. Subgroups were tested using LSD post hoc test. Independent samples t-test and ANOVA were also used to compare the groups (p <0.05).
Results: The age group of 25 to 36 years were the most participants in this study. 68.4% of the participants were women and 31.6% were men. Most participants in the project were middle-income (48.4%) and very high-income (1.8%). The results indicated that income level, work shift, education, employment status, work record, and number of overnight shifts were significantly related to job stress (p<0.05). Among the different aspects of spiritual well-being, the highest mean score was obtained by religious aspect (32.47±3.42) followed by existential aspect (27.82±2.56). The highest level of job stress, according to the nurses, was about the fear of death (14.82±4.86) and heavy work load and pressure (13.85±3.63).
Conclusions: Given the findings, there was a significant relationship between spiritual well-being and stress coping of nurses and alleviation of job stress in them. Therefore, using a health-oriented coping strategy and improving spiritual well-being and religious aspect in particular are essential.
 
 
Full-Text [PDF 632 kb]   (189 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health Education

References
1. Switzer B, A. Boysen G. The impact of religiosity and attribution theory on attitudes toward addiction and cancer. Mental Health, Religion and Culture. 2009;12(3):241-5. [DOI:10.1080/13674670802428449]
2. Hills J, Paice JA, Cameron JR, Shott S. Spirituality and distress in palliative care consultation. Journal of palliative medicine. 2005;8(4):782-8. [DOI:10.1089/jpm.2005.8.782] [PMID]
3. Chiang YC, Lee HC, Chu TL, Han CY, Hsiao YC. A spiritual education course to enhance nursing students' spiritual competencies. Nurse Education in Practice. 2020 Nov 1;49:102907. [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102907] [PMID]
4. Masoumi m, tahmasebi r, jalali m, jafari f. The Study of the relationship between Job stress and spiritual health of nurses working in Intensive care ward at Bushehr Hospitals. Nursing of the Vulnerables. 2016;3(8):37-47.
5. McCoubrie RC, Davies AN. Is there a correlation between spirituality and anxiety and depression in patients with advanced cancer? Supportive Care in Cancer. 2006;14(4):379. [DOI:10.1007/s00520-005-0892-6] [PMID]
6. Piedmont RL. Does spirituality represent the sixth factor of personality? Spiritual transcendence and the five‐factor model. Journal of personality. 2001;67(6):985-1013. [DOI:10.1111/1467-6494.00080]
7. An Y, Sun Y, Liu Z, Chen Y. Investigation of the mental health status of frontier-line and non-frontier-line medical staff during a stress period. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2021Mar 1;282:836-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.060] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Ten Hoeve Y, Brouwer J, Kunnen S. Turnover prevention: The direct and indirect association between organizational job stressors, negative emotions and professional commitment in novice nurses. Journal of advanced nursing. 2020 Mar;76(3):836-45. [DOI:10.1111/jan.14281] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Amanvermez Y, Karyotaki E, Cuijpers P, Salemink E, Spinhoven P, Struijs S, de Wit LM. Feasibility and acceptability of a guided internet-based stress management intervention for university students with high levels of stress: Protocol for an open trial. Internet Interventions. 2021 Apr 1;24:100369. [DOI:10.1016/j.invent.2021.100369] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Fink G. Stress: Concepts, Definition and History. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. Elsevier; 2017. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.02208-2]
11. Yang K-P, Wu X-J. Spiritual intelligence of nurses in two Chinese social systems: a cross-sectional comparison study. Journal of Nursing Research. 2009;17(3):189-98. [DOI:10.1097/JNR.0b013e3181b2556c] [PMID]
12. Babaei Pouya A, Mosavianasl Z, Moradi-Asl E. Analyzing nurses' responsibilities in the neonatal intensive care unit using sherpa and spar-h techniques. Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 2019: 30;20(6):e81880 [DOI:10.5812/semj.81880]
13. Kim HS, Yeom HA. The association between spiritual well-being and burnout in intensive care unit nurses: A descriptive study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 2018 Jun 1;46:92-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.iccn.2017.11.005] [PMID]
14. Athar M, Abazari M, Arefi MF, Karimi A, Alinia M, Hosseinzade S, Babaei-Pouya A. The relationship between job burnout and occupational cognitive failures in nurses at educational hospitals of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences. 2020;16(2):30-5.
15. Abazari M, Babaei A. Evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders and level of work activity in staff of the public educational hospital of Iran, 2019. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences. 2020 Jan;16(1):137-43.
16. Elham Mosavi, Ahmad Ali Pour, Mojghan Agah Heris, Hossin Zare. The Effectiveness of LEARN New Program on Reduction of Perceived Stress and Worry among Students. 2014:2(3) :47-63.
17. Golipoor Khanmiri S, Khodaei A, Shirazi M, Naziri K. Evaluation of Association between Nurses' Spiritual Well-Being and Job Satisfaction in Educational-Therapeutic center Shohadaye Tabriz. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2018;11(1):220-30.
18. Rafiei S, Kiaiei MZ. Role of Spiritual Health on Job Stress among Nurses A Cross-sectional Study in an Educational Hospitals of Qazvin City. Journal of Hospital. 2019;18(1):33-41.
19. Penconek T, Tate K, Bernardes A, Lee S, Micaroni SP, Balsanelli AP, de Moura AA, Cummings GG. Determinants of nurse manager job satisfaction: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2021; 103906.1-.18. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.103906] [PMID]
20. Assarroudi A, Jalilvand M, Oudi D, Akaberi A. The relationship between spiritual well-being and life satisfaction in the nursing staff of Mashhad Hasheminezhad Hospital (2011). Modern Care Journal. 2012;9(2):156-162.
21. Rahimi N, Nouhi E, Nakhaee N. Spiritual Well-being and Attitude toward Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Nursing and Midwifery Students, International Journal of Nursing 2013; 26 (85):55-65.
22. Achour M , I B Abdul Ghani Azmi I B, M B Isahak M B, Roslan Mohd Nor M , M Yakub Zulkifli M Yusoff M. Job Stress and Nurses Well-Being: Prayer and Age as Moderators. Community Mental Health Journal. 2019;55: 1226-1235. [DOI:10.1007/s10597-019-00410-y] [PMID]
23. Moritz S, Kelly MT, Xu TJ, Toews J, Rickhi B. Aspirituality teaching program for depression: Qualitative findings on cognitive and emotional Change. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2011; 19(4):201-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2011.05.006] [PMID]
24. Ghasemi M, Ghahramani M, Vahedian Azimi A, Ghorbani F. Nurses' job stress at medical, educational centers of Zanjan. Journal of Bouye Nursing and Midwifery faculty, Gorgan. 2011;8(1):42-51.
25. McGrath A, Reid N, Boore J. Occupational stress in nursing. International journal of nursing studies. 2003;40(5):555-65. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00058-0]
26. Haghshenas H, Rezaeiyan M, Sonei B, Hoshmand A. Mental health and job satisfaction in Behesht-e-Zahra staff. Hakim J. 2003;6(4):58-9.
27. Holahan, C. J., & Moos, R. H. Personal and contextual determinants of coping strategies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1987; 52(5): 946-955. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.52.5.946] [PMID]
28. Berman E, Merz JF, Rudnick M, Snyder RW, Rogers KK, Lee J, et al. Religiosity in a hemodialysis population and its relationship to satisfaction with medical care, satisfaction with life, and adherence. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2004;44(3):488-97. [DOI:10.1016/S0272-6386(04)00818-2]
29. Jafari A, Amiri Majd M, Esfandiary Z. Relationship between personality characteristics and coping strategies with job stress in nurses. Quarterly journal of nursing management. 2013;1(4):36-44.
30. Mosadeghrad AM, Ferlie E, Rosenberg D. A study of relationship between job stress, quality of working life and turnover intention among hospital employees. Health Services Management Research. 2011;24(4):170-81. [DOI:10.1258/hsmr.2011.011009] [PMID]
31. Dehdashti A, Karami M, Samari BS, Bahrami M, Jahed A. Occupational Stress among Health Nurses Working in Health Services Centers in Gonbad Kavous-2016. Occupational Hygiene and Health Promotion Journal. 2018;2(1):40-50.
32. Rashidi MA, yousefimehr a, pournajaf a, pournajaf m, kazemi3 m, akbari6 A, et al. Job Stress and Its Relation to Demographic Variables; a case study on the staffs of the University of Medical Sciences in 2016. occupational hygene and health promotion journal. 2019;2(4):346-58.
33. Biganeh J, Abolghasemi J, Alimohammadi I, Ebrahimi H, Torabi Z, Ashtarinezhad A. Survey of Occupational Stress Effects on Burnout among Nurses. Knowledge and health. 2018;13(1):10-18.
34. Lee YW, Dai YT, McCreary LL. Quality of work life as a predictor of nurses' intention to leave units, organisations and the profession. Journal of nursing management. 2015;23(4):521-31. [DOI:10.1111/jonm.12166] [PMID]
35. Ibrahim, Muhamad Adib, et al. Spiritual coping with stress among emergency and critical care nurses: A cross-sectional study. Community mental health journal. 2020; 56.2: 287-293.‏ [DOI:10.1007/s10597-019-00486-6] [PMID]
36. Dein, Simon, et al. Religion, spirituality and mental health. The psychiatrist. 2010; 34.2: 63-64. [DOI:10.1192/pb.bp.109.025924]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Health Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb