Volume 11, Issue 2 (Spring 2023)                   Iran J Health Sci 2023, 11(2): 87-92 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: Ethics approval code: IR.TUMS.VCR.REC.1399.103
Clinical trials code: Ethics approval code: 99-1-101-47345

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Esfahanian F, SeyedAlinaghi S A, Janfaza N, Tantuoyir M M. Prevalence of Hypothyroidism Among Patients With COVID-19 in Tehran City, Iran. Iran J Health Sci 2023; 11 (2) :87-92
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-868-en.html
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , macasty1234@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1077 Views)
Background and Purpose: Numerous comorbidities are involved in the severity of the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Hypothyroidism’s impact on COVID-19 is yet to be adequately understood. Thyroid disorders are thought to play a role in the development and progress of COVID-19. This study aimed to determine the frequency of hypothyroidism among COVID-19 patients in hospitalized patients.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Tehran City, Iran. Demographic information and other specified data related to our research, mainly comorbidities, were collected using a structured questionnaire from electronic patient health records. A total of 493 medical records of COVID-19 patients were used for this study according to the inclusion criteria. Subsequently, the data were analyzed with SPSS, version 25, using descriptive and analytic statistics.
Results: The prevalence of hypothyroidism was 13.2% (n=65) in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. This was higher (13.4% vs 2.3%) compared with the prevalence of hypothyroidism in the general Iranian population. Overall, in patients with hypothyroidism, about 21 patients (32.3%) expired, of whom 14 patients (66.7%) were female, and 7 (33.3%) were male. In these patients, no statistically significant difference was observed between the expired and discharged groups (Adjusted Odds Ratio: 1.04; 95% CI 0.59-1.83; P=0.87). As a result, hypothyroidism was not linked to an increased risk of death.
Conclusion: Hypothyroidism in hospitalized COVID-19 patients appears to be low. However, it seems more prevalent in the female gender but without significant adverse effects on the risk of mortality from this disease. 

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Epidemiology

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