Volume 11, Issue 4 (Autumn - In Press 2023)                   Iran J Health Sci 2023, 11(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: JG/2021/086
Clinical trials code: JG/2021/022

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Ado B, Abdullahi Gumel I, Babandi B, Umar Z, Usman U, Sani Hotoro A. Effects of Malaria Parasites and its Prevalence in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic, Gumel General Hospital, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Iran J Health Sci 2023; 11 (4)
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-887-en.html
Department of Biology, Jigawa State College of Education, Gumel, Jigawa State, Nigeria. , biliyaminuado112@gmail.com
Abstract:   (132 Views)
Background and purpose: Malaria is among the most deadly and life-threatening parasitic infections in the world. Pregnant women and their unborn infants are among the most vulnerable to malaria which serves as major cause of maternal anemia and parental mortality. This research was carried out to examine the effects of malaria parasites and its prevalence in pregnant women attending antenatal clinic, Gumel General Hospital, Jigawa State, Nigeria.
Materials and methods: 100 pregnant women were selected using simple random sampling and tested for malaria from July to September 2021. Questionnaires were administered directly to the respondents from whom the blood samples were collected. The outcome variables for this research were malaria infection which was assessed using (RDT) and pregnant women with any type of plasmodium species. The independent variables include age distribution, social status, number of deliveries, trimester of pregnancy, modes of transmission in malaria and its control measures. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi square (X2) test. However, tables were drawn to show the differences and similarities between parameters.
Results: 64 samples were infected with only P. falciparum construed to be equivalent to 64%. The age range shows that individuals with 15-20 years had the highest prevalence of the infection (71.4%). Social status indicated that, housewives were more infected with 66.3%. On number of deliveries, those that delivered three times and above have the highest prevalence of 72.5%, whereas trimesters distribution showed that those in the 3rd trimester were the most infected with 62.2%.
Conclusion: The current study showed that malaria is prevalent in pregnant women in Gumel. Not using insecticide-treated bed nets, inadequate environmental sanitation, and living close to stagnant water are suggestively associated with malaria infection. Therefore, they should be motivated to participate early in focused antenatal care services in order to protect themselves from the possible harm of malaria. However, enlightenment on the devastating effects of malaria and preventive and control measures should target all women especially at social and religious congregations, even before marriage.
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Parasitology

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