Volume 11, Issue 4 (Autumn - In Press 2023)                   Iran J Health Sci 2023, 11(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.IAU.SARI.REC.1402.077
Clinical trials code: IR.IAU.SARI.REC.1402.077

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Rezaei Rad M, Hosseini Tabaghdehi S L, Imani S Z. Mediating Role of Spiritual well-being in the Relationship between Cognitive Flexibility and Metacognitive Beliefs of Students. Iran J Health Sci 2023; 11 (4)
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-893-en.html
Department of Educational Management, Ramsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ramsar, Iran. , leila.hosseinitabaghdehi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (134 Views)
Background and purpose: The importance of spirituality and spiritual well-being has grown significantly in recent decades, and cognitive flexibility and metacognitive beliefs play an important role in engaging in health-related behaviors. The present study was conducted to investigate the mediating role of spiritual well-being in the relationship between cognitive flexibility and the students’ metacognitive beliefs.
Materials and methods: The research method was Descriptive-correlational. The statistical population of the present study included all students of Islamic Azad University, Sari branch in the academic year 2022-2023. 364 students were selected by stratified random sampling based on their education level and answered the questionnaires of spiritual well-being (Palotzian and Ellison, 1982), cognitive flexibility (Dennis and Vanderwaal, 2010) and metacognitive beliefs (Wells and Cartwright-Houghton, 2004). Data analysis was done by structural equation modeling using SPSS-24 and AMOS23 software.
Results: In this study participants (69%) were women and (31%) were men. (57%) of the participants were in the age group of 25 years and below and also (63%) of the participants were undergraduate students, (30%) master's students and 27 (7%) doctoral students. The results indicated that all direct path were significant (p<0.01). the relationships of indirect path were made significant through the mediating role of spiritual well-being (p<0.01).
Conclusion: According to the research results, spiritual well-being had a mediating role in the relationship between cognitive flexibility and metacognitive beliefs in student, Thus, it is possible to take action by designing special programs to improve the level of metacognitive beliefs and strengthen cognitive flexibility through spiritual health.

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