Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2017)                   Iran J Health Sci 2017, 5(3): 58-64 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Momenabadi V, Kaveh M H, Mousavi S M, Alizadeh S. Maternal Risk Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight. Iran J Health Sci. 2017; 5 (3) :58-64
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-501-en.html
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , alizade2009@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2244 Views)
Background and purpose:
Since a large proportion of fetal mortality is associated with low birth weight (LBW) and considering the fact that fetal development is a vulnerable process influenced by maternal risk factors, this study examined some maternal risk factors associated with LBW infants.
 Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on the medical records of 250 infants born in Zeynabeieh Hospital. The required data were registered in a pre-developed checklist. Then, the collected data were analyzed by Chi-square in SPSS Software using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The mean weight of the sample was 3.2 ± 0.25 (1.5-4.7) kg. About 18% of the infants had birth weight of 2500 g or less. The most frequent educational level among the mothers was illiteracy and elementary education (60%), and the least was secondary education (9.2%). There was found a significant correlation between the mothers’ education and low birth weight (P < 0.001). Regarding the association between the mothers’ age and low birth weight, 18- to 35-year-old mothers comprised the highest number of mothers (75%), and upper 35-year-old mothers did the lowest (11.2%). Based on chi-square test, a significant correlation was observed between the mothers’ ages and low birth weight (p<0.001). In addition, concerning the occupation of mother and low birth weight, there was documented a significant correlation between their occupation and low birth weight (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: Maternal biosocial, medical, and obstetric factors have strong association with LBW. To overcome this problem, special attention is required so as to strengthen the mother and child healthcare services in the community.
Full-Text [PDF 372 kb]   (1224 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Environmental Health

1. Black, R. E., Allen, L. H., Bhutta, Z. A., Caulfield, L. E., de Onis, M., Ezzati, M., Rivera, J. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. The Lancet 2008; 371(9608): 243-260. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61690-0]
2. Mumbare SS, Maindarkar G, Darade R, Yenge S, Tolani MK, Patole K. Maternal risk factors associated with term low birth weight neonates: a matched-pair case control study. Indian Pediatr 2012; 49(1): 25-8. [DOI:10.1007/s13312-012-0010-z]
3. Singh CG, Chouhan CR, Sidhu MK. Maternal factors for low birth weight babies. Med J Armed Forces India 2009; 65: 10-2. [DOI:10.1016/S0377-1237(09)80045-2]
4. Metgud CS, Naik VA, Mallapur MD. Factors affecting birth weight of a newborn- a community based study in rural Karnataka, India. PLoS One 2012; 7(7): e40040. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0040040]
5. Valero De BJ, Soriano T, Albaladejo R, Juarranz M, Calle ME, Martinez D, et al. Risk factors for low birth weight: a review. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2004; 116(1): 3-15. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2004.03.007]
6. Karimi M, Fallah R, Dehghanpoor A, Mirzaei M. Developmental status of 5-year-old moderate low birth weight children. Brain Dev 2011; 33(8): 651-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.braindev.2010.10.022]
7. Kuo CP, Lee SH, Wu WY, Liao WC, Lin SJ, Lee MC. Birth outcomes and risk factors in adolescent pregnancies: results of a Taiwanese national survey. Pediatr Int 2010; 52(3): 447-52. [DOI:10.1111/j.1442-200X.2009.02979.x]
8. Jaakkola JJ, Jaakkola N, Zahlsen K. Fetal growth and length of gestation in relation to prenatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke assessed by hair nicotine concentration. Environ Health Perspect 2001; 109(6): 557-61. [DOI:10.1289/ehp.01109557]
9. Patra J, Bakker R, Irving H, Jaddoe VW, Malini S, Rehm J. Dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy and the risks of low birthweight, preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA)-a systematic review and meta-analyses. BJOG 2011; 118(12): 1411-21. [DOI:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03050.x]
10. Bian Y, Zhang Z, Liu Q, Wu D, Wang S. Maternal risk factors for low birth weight for term births in a developed region in China: a hospital-based study of 55,633 pregnancies. J Biomed Res 2013; 27(1): 14-22.
11. The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, World Health Organization (WHO). Low birthweight: country, regional and global estimates [Online].[cited 2011 Aug 12]; Available from: URL: http://www. unicef.org/publications/index_24840.html
12. Karimian S, Mollamohammadi M, Jandaghi GhR. Prevalence of low birth weight infants and its related factors in Qom delivery units, 2000. Feyz 2003; 7(3): 76-80. [In Persian]
13. Abdeyazdan Z, Ehsanpour S, Hemmati E. Developmental millstones in children with normal, low, and very low birth weights. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 2013; 11(8): 570-7. [In Persian]
14. Elhassan EM, Abbaker AO, Haggaz AD, Trotnow S, Bregulla K, Flugel K et al. Studies on Anaemia and low the birth-weight and the size of the new-born birth weight in Medani, Hospital Sudan. BMC Res Notes 2010; 3: 181. [DOI:10.1186/1756-0500-3-181]
15. Tootoonchi P. Low birth weight among newborn infants at Tehran hospitals. Iran J Pediatr 2007; 17 (Suppl 2): 186-192. [In Persian]
16. Biernacka JB, Hanke W. The effect of occupational and non-occupational psychological stress on the course of pregnancy and its outcome. Med pr.2006; 57 (3):281-90.
17. Maddah M, Karandish M, Mohammadpour-Ahranjani B, Neyestani TR, Vafa R, Rashidi A. Social factors and pregnancy weight gain inrelation to infant birth weight: a study in public health centers in Rasht, Iran. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005; 59 (10):1208-12. [DOI:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602239]
18. Klufio CA, Kariwiga G, MacDonald R. Normal birthweight at Port Moresby General Hospital: a retrospective survey of normal term births to determine birthweight distribution. Papua and New Guinea Medical Journal 1992; 35(1):10-16.
19. Kaneshi T, Yoshida T, Ohshiro T, NagasakiH, Asato Y, Oh ta T. Birth weight and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in Japanese school children. Pediatr Int. 2007;49(2):138-43. [DOI:10.1111/j.1442-200X.2007.02333.x]
20. Gunderson E, Abrams B. Scivin S. Does the patter of postpartum weight change differ according to pregravid body size? Int J Obs Metab Disord. 2001;25(6):853-62. [DOI:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801631]
21. International Institute of Population Sciences, National Family Health Survey, India. 2005-06 (NFHS-3, Vol. 1) 2007:225.
22. Jafari F, Eftekhar H, Pourreza A, Mousavi J. Socioeconomic and medical determinants of low birth weight in Iran: 20 years after establishment of a primary healthcare network. Public Health. 2010; 124(3):153-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2010.02.003]
23. Viengsakhone L, Yoshida Y, Harun-Or-Rashid M, Sakamoto J. Factors affecting low birth weight at four central hospitals in Vientiane, Lao PDR. Nagoya J Med Sci. 2010; 72:51-8.
24. Shapiro C, Sulija V, Bush J. Effect of maternal weight gain on infant weight. J perinat Med. 2000; 28 (6):428-31. [DOI:10.1515/JPM.2000.056]
25. Hogan DP, Park JM. Family factors and social support in the developmental outcomes of very low birth weight children. Clin Perinatol 2000; 27 (2): 433–59. [DOI:10.1016/S0095-5108(05)70030-0]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Health Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb