Volume 10, Issue 2 (Spring 2022)                   Iran J Health Sci 2022, 10(2): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page

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Kananikandeh S, Mirghafourvand M. Determinants of Violence Types among Reproductive Age Women: A Cross-Sectional Study in Sarab City. Iran J Health Sci 2022; 10 (2) :1-13
URL: http://jhs.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-806-en.html
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , mirghafourvand@gmail.com
Abstract:   (361 Views)
Background and Purpose: Violence against reproductive age women harms other health priorities; such as family planning and maternal health. This study aimed to identify the determinants of violence among reproductive age women.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 182 married women, 15-49 years old in Sarab City, Iran, through simple random sampling in 2018. Data were collected by a self-designed questionnaire including demographic characteristics, physical, psychological, verbal, economic, and sexual violence. Then, it was analyzed using an independent samples t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson Correlation, and multivariate linear regression.
Results: The prevalence of physical, psychological, sexual, economic and verbal violence in women was 11 (6%), 14(7.7%), 18(9.9%), 24(13.2%), and 37(20.3%), respectively. Husband's older age and husband's older age of marriage increased (B=0.14, 95% CI= 0.00 to 0.28) and decreased (B= -1.17, CI= -0.27 to -0.06) verbal violence against women. Illiteracy in spouses reduced physical violence (B=-2.43, CI= -4.58 to -0.27) and sexual violence (B= -1.62, CI= -3.08 to -0.16) and in women, it reduced psychological violence (B=-2.63, CI= -4.81 to -0.45). Spousal smoking reduced physical (B= -0.97, CI= -1.78 to -0.17), psychological (B= -1.17, CI= -2.01 to -0.33), and verbal (B= -1.22, CI= - 1.96 to -0.48) violence; however, women's alcoholism (B= 7.31, CI= 0.27 to 4.43) and having children from a previous marriage of the woman (B= 0.06, CI=0.04 to 1.16) increased physical violence. The highest economic violence was seen in female employees (B= 1.31, CI=0.35 to 2.27). Psychological (B= -4.92, CI= -7.89 to -1.49) and sexual (B= -2.16, CI= - 4.09 to -0.22) violence was less experienced in men's second marriage.
Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of verbal violence and related factors, conducting the necessary screenings to recognize it in time, teaching communication skills and anger management to husbands seems essential.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Health

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